Catherine Thomson

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Annotated Bibliography for the Cabaret Show:

A Century of Women’s Suffrage: 

The 19th Amendment Turns 100!
Anita Kallen and I loved digging into the sources below as we researched material for our show A Century of Women's Suffrage: The 19th Amendment Turns 100!
Check back often! We will continue to update this page as new scholarship and resources become available over the coming years. 
*Musical content (lyrics, sheet music, recordings). **Non-musical primary sources of a visual nature (posters, postcards, photos).
Throughout the initial promotion of the show, we were excited to share visual images, their history, and their interpretation with you.  To visit those, please see the show's launch event page
Adams, Colleen, Women’s Suffrage, New York, NY: Rosen Central Primary Source, 2003.

For younger readers, includes an overview of the movement, biographies of important suffragists, and excerpts from primary sources.  The book also highlights aspects of the continuing struggle for full inclusion.

**Barris, Roann. "Art Responds to Women's Suffrage: Pro and Con." Women's Suffrage and Art. Accessed April 2, 2019. and art/amerwom05/suffrageart.html.
Professor of Art History and Chair of the Art Department at Radford University, Barris provides an overview of political art from the suffrage movements - both pro and con - in the United States and England.

Cassidy, Tina, Mr. President, How Long Must We Wait: Alice Paul, Woodrow Wilson, and the Fight for the Right to Vote. New York, NY: 37 IN/Atria, 2019.

A biography of the activist Alice Paul – a Quaker who spent time with the suffragettes in England – and the strategies she employed in her leadership of the National Women’s Party – picketing, lobbying, imprisonment and forcible feeding  - to shame President Wilson into evolving his views on women’s suffrage.
*Crew, Danny O., Suffragist Sheet Music: An Illustrated Catalogue of Published Music Associated With the Women's Rights and Suffrage Movement in America, 1795-1921, With Complete Lyrics, Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2002.

Provides much, though not all, of the music penned in support of,  in opposition to, or simply to take commercial advantage of the suffrage movement. Includes lyrics, composer, cover reproduction, and other date to drive the reader to a collection location.

Dumbeck, Kristina, Leaders of Women's Suffrage. San Diego, CA : Lucent Books, c2001.
An overview of the lives and work of women who led the struggle for the vote for women, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony,  Lucy Stone,  Anna Howard Shaw,  Alice Paul, and Carrie Chapman Catt.
Fawcett, Millicent Garret, Dame, Women’s Suffrage. New York, NY:  Source Book Press, 1970.
A reprint of the 1912 edition by a woman who led the British suffrage movement for more than 50 years and who stood in opposition to the more militant actions of her contemporary, Emmeline Pankhurst.
Florey, Kenneth. "Sheet Music." Woman Suffrage Memorabilia. Accessed April 15, 2019.
Although this page of the website focuses specifically on sheet music from the suffrage movement (both pro and anti), the site overall covers a broad collection of memorabilia with images and helpful explanations.

Gillibran, Kirsten, Bold & Brave: Ten Heroes Who Won Women the Right to Vote. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2018.

US. Senator, and current 2020 presidential candidate, Gillibran offers younger readers inspiring biographies of ten suffragists: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Jovita Idár, Alice Paul, Inez Milholland, Ida B. Wells, Lucy Burns, and Mary Church Terrell.

Grunwald, Lisa & Adler, Stephen J. (Eds.). Women’s Letters: America from the Revolutionary War to the Present. New York, NY: The Dial Press, 2005.
Includes more than 400 letters (and 100 photographs) spanning more than two centuries penned by women of all walks of life.

Guillain, Charlotte, Stories of Women’s Suffrage. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Raintree, 2015.

In stories designed for younger readers, the book shares of five trailblazers fighting for women’s rights: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Clementina Black, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Emmeline Pankhurst. Also includes a timeline.
**“History of U.S. Womans Suffrage.” National Women’s History Museum. Accessed March 3, 2019.
An educational resource that includes a history of the suffrage movement, a timeline, a wealth of primary sources, and several lesson plans.
Knower, Rosemary, H. "Failure is Impossible."  Accessed March 17, 2019.

Based on eyewitness accounts and primary sources, the play, commissioned for the National Archives commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the 19th Amendment in 1995,  tells the story of fight for women’s suffrage through the voices of many of its protagonists, including Abigail Adams, Sarah Grimke, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frederick Douglass, Susan B. Anthony, Sojourner Truth, Frances Gage, Lucy Stone, Clara Barton, Mr. Reagan, of Texas, Mary Ware Dennett, Harriot Stanton Blatch, Woodrow Wilson, Carrie Chapman Catt and Nettie Rogers Schuler.
*The Music of Women's Suffrage." Amaranth Publishing. Accessed June 7, 2019.
Collections of sheet music – both pro- and anti- suffrage – are available for purchase from this site for a modest fee.
*Silber, Irwin, “A Brief History of the Women’s Suffrage Movement.” Liner notes for Songs of the Suffragettes recorded by Elizabeth Knight, Folkways Record and Service Corporation, 1958, compact disc or download. Accessed February 28, 2019.

Liner notes, which include a brief history of the suffrage movement, lyrics and background on the 16 songs, and black-and-white cartoons, are available for free download. The 16 recordings may be purchased individually or together from the website.

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle Over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics. New York, NY: Bloomsbury, 2017.

Written to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the 1977 Houston National Women’s Conference, University of South Carolina history Professor Spruill analyzes decades of the struggle for women’s rights and the current political divisions around these issue.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Eighty years and more (1815-1897). New York, NY: Book Press, 1970.

A reprint of the 1898 edition, in which one of the mothers of the movement, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, recounts a deeply personal tale of the formation and unrelenting work of a suffragist. Available for digital download via this link from the University of Pennsylvania:

The Susan B Anthony Center. Accessed March 15, 2019.

The Susan B Anthony Center, housed at Rochester University in her hometown of Rochester, N.Y., has a wide range of historical information including biographies of influential suffragists, a timeline, and archival materials of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn, African American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, c1998.

Professor Emerita of history at Morgan State University Terborg-Penn employed primary sources to shine a light on African-American suffragists, well-known (Sojourner Truth, Ida B. Wells, and Mary Church Terrell) and previously not widely known (Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, Adella Hunt Logan, Maria L. Baldwin, Christia Adair, and Annie Simms Banks), radicalized and conservative, elite and working-class. Racism and sexism that persists to this day prevented African-American suffragists from being fully embraced by the movement. The book celebrates the tenacity and resistance that challenges the status quo and moves human rights forward.

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher, Well-behaved Women Seldom Make History. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007.

Now Pulitzer-Prize-winning Professor of early American history at Harvard University, Ulrich coined the phrase, which is the title of this book, in an article written in 1976.  Ulrich takes three women – the medieval French writer Christine de Pizan, known for her pioneering writings about women; the 19th century American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and the 20th century English novelist Virginia Woolf – as the stepping off points to explore the history of women, both factual and fictional, through the lenses of their writings and beliefs.

Weiss, Elaine F., The Woman’s Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote. New York, NY: Viking, 2018.

Details the fierce struggle for ratification of the 19th Amendment, focusing on the final six weeks of the battle in Tennessee, which would become the 36th and final state needed to secure women’s suffrage.
"Women's Suffrage." Library of Congress. Accessed March 1, 2019.

Includes a teacher's guide with classroom materials and links to primary sources.

Zimet, Susan and Hasak-Lowry, Todd, Roses and Radicals: The Epic Story of How American Women Won the Right to Vote, New York, NY: Viking, 2018.
Developed for middle school students, the book traces the history of the women’s rights movement from Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott to the ERA, including photographs and sidebars with quotes from the movement’s leaders.

Many states and universities also have websites dedicated to women’s suffrage and primary source archives from the movement.  Please feel free to contact us with any resources you have found that you believe would be meaningful to share.  Thank you!